Chhattisgarh State Board Class 8 Social Science History Chapter 6 Indian National Movement Exercise Multiple Choice, Fill in the Blanks, Questions and Answers here.
Chhattisgarh State Class 8 Social Science History Chapter 6 Solution
I.) Answer ‘Yes’ or ‘No’:-
1.) Editor of Hind Keshri was Bal Gangadhar Tilak.
ANS: No. Editor of Hind Keshri was Pandit Madhav Rao Sapre.
2.) The feeling of national integrity was known as nationality.
ANS: No. The feeling of national integrity was known as Fraternity.
3.) Due to Industrial revolution maximum mills were started.
ANS: Yes. Due to Industrial revolution maximum mills were started.
4.) Economic policy of Britishers is responsible for the backwardness of India?
ANS: Yes. Economic policy of Britishers is responsible for the backwardness of India
5) Educated middle class rejected the modern ideas.
ANS: No. Educated middle class not rejected the modern ideas.
II.) Fill in the blanks:-
1.) Gandhiji returned to India in ___________.
Gandhiji returned to India in 1915.
2.) Champaran is in __________ province.
Champaran is in Bihar province.
3.) ________ opposed the Satyagrah Canal revenue.
Pandit Sunder lal Sharma, Narayan Rao Medhawale and Babu Chotu Lal Shrivastava opposed the Satyagrah Canal revenue.
4.) In Gujarat’s _________ district there was revolution against revenue.
In Gujarat’s Khera district there was revolution against revenue.
5.) In ________ walls there are mark of bullets even today.
In Jalliawala Bagh walls there are mark of bullets even today.
III) Match the following:-
1.) 1916 – Muslim League.
2.) 1911 – Bengal Partition.
3.) 1907 – All party meet.
4.) 1906 – Delhi as Capital.
5.) 1905 – Surat Council.
1.) 1916 – All party meet.
2.) 1911 – Delhi as Capital.
3.) 1907 – Surat Council.
4.) 1906 – Muslim League.
5.) 1905 – Bengal Partition.
IV) Answer in one word:-
1.) Cause of the Bengal Partition –
Viceroy Curson was to create rivalry between Hindus and Muslims
2.) Main leader of docile ideology –
Mahatma Gandhi Main leader of docile ideology
3.) Chhattisgarh Khadi Ashram was established by –
Pandit Sunderlal Sharma and Pandit Narayan Rao Meghawale
V.) Following are some facts given, write about the day, dates, year etc in front of it:-
1.) ‘British Go Back’ was heard on ________.
‘British Go Back’ was heard on8th August 1942
2.) English government accepted the demand of Independence on __________.
English government accepted the demand of Independence on March 1946.
3.) Ultimately Pakistan was accepted as independent nation.
Ultimately Pakistan was accepted as independent nation 14th August 1947.
4.) Takes a Vow that English should not be co-operated in any way.
Takes a Vow that English should not be co-operated in any way: 1st August 1920.
5.) One such non-violent incident due to which Gandhiji has to stop the movement.
One such non-violent incident due to which Gandhiji has to stop the movement: 12th February 1922
6.) By reaching sea shore Gandhiji broke the law of salt.
By reaching sea shore Gandhiji broke the law of salt: 6th April 1930
VI) Answer these Questions:-
1.) Why was Bengal province divided?
English ruler divide Bengal province gave reason of administration but the main reason for Bengal partition was to create rivalry between Hindus and Muslims.
2.) Why were the national School and colleges established?
i) To support Non-cooperation Movement of Mahatma Gandhi, Schools and colleges were established which gave national education.
3.) What do you mean by ‘divide and rule’?
i) Britishers have a policy named ‘Divide and Rule’.
ii) They divide our society in two parts and ruled over them.
iii) In 1905, they create rivalry between Hindus and Muslim by Bengal Partition.
4.) What is meaning of ‘Swadeshi’?
i) Meaning of ‘Swadeshi’ was that using the goods made by People of our own country.
5.) In which century did Industrial revolution take place in England?
In 18th century Industrial revolution took place in England.
6.) on 28th December 1885 in which school was the assembly held?
On 28th December 1885, Gokuldas Tejpal’s Sanskrit School, MumbaiIndian National Conference was organized.
7.) Name the newspaper published in Chhattisgarh in 1900?
Pandit Madhav Rao Sapre was the main leader, in 1900 established “Chhattisgarh Mitra” newspaper.
VII.) Write about these Satyagrahs:-
i) In 1918, khera district of Gujarat there was famine took place and peoples in Khera unable to pay revenue to government.
ii) Under leadership of Mahatma Gandhiji farmers did agitation or satyagrah and not pay any revenue.
iii) Due to this Satyagrah government surrender and revenue was abolished to farmers of Khera District.
i) In Chhattisgarh’s, Dhamtari district a village named Kandale Satyagrah movement started and spread all over India.
ii) Rudri in Dhamtari district is situated near the banks of river Mahanadi and in Madamsilli a dam was built on this river.
iii) Government made a canal on this for this they collect revenue for ten years.
iv) The amount of revenue was so high that farmers can built a big reservoir near their village.
v) From this Kandale Satyagrah took place.
3.) Ahmedabad mill
i) In 1918,When there was continuous rise in price of cotton there was no rise in wages of labourer of Ahmedabad mill also there was no bonus paid to the labourer to the Ahmedabad mill.
ii) Under the leadership of Mahatma Gandhiji Labourer of Ahmedabad mill made satyagrah named ‘Ahmedabad Mill Satyagrah’.
iii) Due to this Satyagrah owner of mills increased wages and bonus.
VIII.)Write short notes about the following: –
1.) Khilafat movement
i) Sultan of Turkey was the religious head of all the Muslims in the world.
ii)After World War I English imposed severe terms on the agreement between Turkey’s new government and English.
iii) According to the agreement the post of Khilafat (religious head) was abolished.
iv) To re-establish this post, the Muslims of India started movement. This it is known as ‘Khilafat movement’.
v) To strengthen Hindu-Muslim integrity, Gandhiji became the Leader of Khilafat movement.
2.) Mopla Farmers movement
i) In Kerala, Mopla farmer started a movement known as ‘Mopla Farmers movement’.
ii) 67 Mopla farmers died when they were took from one place to another and 45 thousand mopla farmers are imprisoned.
3.) Chori-Chora Incidence
i) Gandhiji started Non Co-operation Movement in 1920.
ii) On 5th February 1922, people took out a peaceful rally in demonstration at Chori-Chora in U.P.
iii) Police fought on this rally. Due to this mob burnt police station and many police were killed.
iv) British rulers arrested 19 farmers for the murder of 22 soldiers or police and hanged them. This is called as ‘Chori-Chora Incidence’.
v) After that Incidence Gandhiji stopped Non co-operation movement.
4.) Promise day
i) In December in 1929 Congress held their Lahore conference.
ii) In this meeting Pandit Jawahar lal Nehru in the presence of large mass of public, hosted the ‘National flag’. And also took oath to struggle continuously until we got independence.
Iii) This Oath took on 26 January 1930. All peoples in our country celebrated this day. Hence this day was called as ‘Promise Day’.
5.) Forest Satyagrah
I) In Chhattisgarh Forest Satyagrah programme was started and has an important role in the disobedience movement.
ii) In this movement the most important thing was that mostly the people of villages and tribal people showedtheir terrific bravery than the people of the cities.
iii) In Pondi village forest Satyagrah influenced the people of the village.
iv) Rudri Nawagaon (Dhamtari District) forest Satyagrah was happened.
IX.) Given are some sections (laws). Write three sentences about them:-
1.) Section 144
Section 144, is the law which is used by government to ‘ 5 or more peoples not collect or gather together in any place’.
2.) Law 1947
Law of 1947, there is law of Independence. From this law to nations Pakistan and India were made.