Chhattisgarh State Board Class 7 History Chapter 8 Life in Mughal Times Exercise Fill in the Blanks, Answers the following Questions here.
Life in Mughal Times
(I) Fill in the balnks:
(1) During the Mughal period the __________ was the supreme head of the government.
Ans: – Emperor.
(2) ___________ ruled Chattisgarh during the Mughal period.
Ans: – The Kalchuris
(3) __________ was the main occupation of people during the mUghal period.
Ans: – Farming
(4) _____ built the Red Fort at Delhi.
Ans: – Shah-jahan
(II) Answer the following questions.
(1) Which trades developed during the 17th century?
Ans: – The textile industry developed during the 17th century.
(2) The use of flowing water was the speciality of which period?
Ans: – The use of flowing water was the specialty of Mughal Period.
(3) Where was the Capital of Akbars empire situated?
Ans: – The capital of Akbar’s empire situated.
(4) In which period was white marle used?
Ans: – White marble was used during Shah Jahan’s period.
(5) Name the place where theemperor held personal discussion.
Ans: – The Diwan-e-Khas where the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan held personal discussion.
(6) Where is the famous Shalimars Garden situated?
Ans: – The famous Shalimars Garden is situated in Lahore.
(7) Into which classes was society divided during the Mughal period?
Ans: – Society was divided into various classes during the Mughal period. The richest and most powerful people during the mughal period were the emperor, his family, the amirs and the Rajput kings. The emperor was the highest authority in the Mughal court. The cities had a large middle class comprising minor officers, soldiers, merchants etc. In the villages the zamindars were very powerful. The largest section of the village population comprised peasants, craftsman, labourers, servents etc.
(8) What clothes did people were during the Mughal period?
Ans: – Hindu and Muslim men dressed similarly, althou 8th there were differences in the mode of dressing between the villages and cities during the Mughal period.
(9) What trades were people engaged in during the Mughal period?
Ans: – as in earlier times, agriculture continued to remain the main trade of people during the Mughal period. Apart from agriculture, people were engaged in several other traders. The textile industry developed during the 17th country. Muslin cloth FROM Dhaka, the zari work of Benaras, cotton from Bengal, Bihar and Gujrat and the wollens of Kashmir were famous around the world. Merchants from many foreign countries would by cotton, indigo, opium and black paper from India and sell gold silver, raw silk, velvet etc here during the Mughal period.
(10) Which festivals were celerate during the Mughal period?
Ans: – Many festivals were celebrated during the Mughal period. Hindus and Muslims celebrated these festivals together, the main ones being Dassera, Diwali, Holi, Eid, Navroz, Muharram etc.
Akbar participated in Hindu and Muslim festivals, which were celebrated in his court.
(11) Describe the social and religious conditions of chattisgarh during the Mughal Period.
Ans: – The kalchuri ruled Chattisgarh during the Mughal period. Brahmins had a high status in society because they performed religious rites and also educated the people. The kings donated villages to them. The Kshatriya was the rulers and warriors. The other social classes also held respected positions. Thus there was no social discrimination in Chattisgarh society during this period. Hindus and Muslim men dressed similarly, although there were differences similarly, although there were differences between the village and the cities.
(12) What are the architectural specialties of the Mughal period?
Ans: – There was outstanding development in the field of architecture during the Mughal period. One can see a beautiful blend of traditional Indian forms and Persion and central Asian architecture in several buildings of this period. Its striking aspects include the scale and proportion of buildings, their magnificence and their landscaped gardens. The buildings, constructed on raised platforms, used red and white marble and had domes of various shapes. Decorated arches, board drooping caves and other decorative features.
Humayun’s Tomb in Delhi is a mixture of Indian and Persian archtecture. Akbar established the city of Fatehpur Sikri and built the Red Fort in Agra. He had Buland Darwaza, Jama Masjid and Tomb of sheikh Salim Chsiti constructed at fatehpur Sikri. White marble was widely used in architec during Shah Jahan’s time; the well known building of the time was the Taj Mahal. It is a magnificent building with beautiful carvings of flowers and leaves studed with precious stones. It has large gardens on all sides Shah Jahan is also remembered for the peacock throne and the famous diamond.