Chhattisgarh State Class 6 Social Science History Chapter 4 Solution

CG SCERT Chhattisgarh State Board Class 6 Social Science (History) Chapter 4 The Vedic Age Exercises Questions and Answers.

(I) Fill in the blanks

1) _____ is the language of the Vedas.

Ans: – Sanskrit

2) _____ is the ancient text of the world.

Ans: – Rigveda

3) Aryans were familiar with _________ metal.

Ans: – Iron

4) All the people in the Rigvedic Period were known as _________.

Ans: – Jana

5) People of the jana gave _________ to the Raja.

Ans: – milk, ghee, cows etc.


(III) Answers the following questions

1) Name the Vedas.

Ans: – Rigveda, Yajur Vead, Sama, Veda and Athava Veda.

2) Name the main Gods & Goddesses of the Aryans.

Ans: – Indra, Agni, Varun, Surya etc. are the main gods in the vedic Period.

3) What was the ashram system in the Vedic period?

Ans: – According to the vedic literature a man’s life was divided into four stages or ashrams. The first stage was brahmacharya – in this a man is a child and acquires education, second stage is grahastha in which a man marries and leads a family life. Third stage is Vana-prastha – in this stage a man stays away from the family and meditates. The fourth stage is sanyasa – it is complete retirement.

(4) What was the Varna system in the society in the vedic period?

Ans: – In the later Vedic period the society was divided into four varnas. First Brahmins, who would perform yajnas and teach Vedas, second were the kshatriyas who co-operated in ruling the society; third, were the vaishays who were engaged in farming and cattle rearing; fourth were the sudras – who were engaged in doing merial services for others. The varnas system later turned into the caste system.

(5) Describe the life styles of the Aryans.

Ans: – Aryans led a simple life style. They lived in houses made of wood and mud. They would build huge cattle sheds for their cows. They used milk, butter, ghee, curd, buttermilk, wheat, barley and meat in their diet. Father was the head of the family. Male members had important position in the society women were treated well and their presence was essential in religious. They were educated.

(6) Write about the gifts of the Vedic culture.

Ans: – The following are the greatest gifts of the vedic culture –

(i) Sanskrit, the ancient language of India and is the mother of several language.

(ii) Vedic literature, the ancient literature of India.

(iii) Republic traditions, the tradition of governance where elected people rule for a definite period.

(7) What was the importance of cattle rearing in the Rigvedic Period?

Ans: – In the Rigvedic period people used milk, butter, ghee, curd, wheat, barley, meat etc. in their diet. So, cattle rearing is important for them because from cows, goats, sheeps they can easily got those food products. Horses were also useful for them and were used in their chariots.

(8) Describe the development of farming and cattle rearing in the Later Vedic Period.

Ans: – In the later, Vedic period agriculture prospered. Farmers were able to grow surplus amount of cereals like rice. Wheat, pulses etc. In that period most of the grihapatis were engaged in forming and cattle rearing.

(9) What was the condition of the women in the Rigvedic period?

Ans: – Women in religious ceremonies. Women were educated in the Rigvedic period. The Aryan women would spin and weave cloth.

(10) Describe the characteristics of family in the Later Vedic Period.

Ans: – In the later vedic period there was joint family system. All the brothers and people of some generations lived together in a family. It was headed by the senior most male member. He was called ‘grihapati’. Everyone would obey him.

Updated: October 6, 2020 — 12:59 am

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