CBSE NCERT Class 10 Science Syllabus

CBSE NCERT Class 10 Syllabus 2023 – 24 For Class 10 Science Download Online CBSE Syllabus Class 10 Science Syllabus As per NCERT Guidelines.

CBSE पाठ्यक्रम 10th Class Science As Per NCERT

सीबीएसई बोर्ड 10वीं विज्ञान सिलेबस 2023 | CBSE Syllabus 2023 | CBSE NCERT Science Syllabus for Class X | CBSE NCERT Class 10 Science Syllabus

CBSE Latest Syllabus for Class 10 Science is important for students to prepare their study time to time. Here we are provided New Edition CBSE NCERT Syllabus 2023. Stay tuned with Us for Get All Subjects Solution (Lakhmir Singh Manjit Kaur Solution).

Exam Pattern for Year 2023 – 24

  • Competency Focused Questions in the form of MCQs / Case Based Questions, Source-based Integrated Questions or any other type = 50%
  • Select response type questions(MCQ) = 20%
  • Constructed response questions (Short Answer/Long Answer type Questions, as per existing pattern) = 30%

In case you have missed:- NCERT Extra Questions for Class 10 Science

Course Structure Class X Science Syllabus


Unit 1 Chemical Substances-Nature and Behaviour

25 marks

Unit 2 World of Living

25 marks
Unit 3 Natural Phenomena

12 marks

Unit 4 Effects of Current

13 marks
Unit 5 Natural Resources

05 marks

Total Marks

Internal assessment (i.e. Practicals, Attendance oberall)



100 marks

Unit I: Chemical Substances – Nature and Behaviour

Chemical reactions: Chemical equation, Balanced chemical equation, implications of a balanced chemical equation, types of chemical reactions: combination, decomposition, displacement, double displacement, precipitation, endothermic exothermic reactions, oxidation and reduction.

Acids, bases and salts: Their definitions in terms of furnishing of H+ and OH– ions, General properties, examples and uses, neutralization, concept of pH scale (Definition relating to logarithm not required), importance of pH in everyday life; preparation and uses of Sodium Hydroxide, Bleaching powder, Baking soda, Washing soda and Plaster of Paris.

Metals and nonmetals: Properties of metals and non-metals; Reactivity series; Formation and properties of ionic compounds; Basic metallurgical processes; Corrosion and its prevention.

Carbon compounds: Covalent bonding in carbon compounds. Versatile nature of carbon. Homologous series. Nomenclature of carbon compounds containing functional groups (halogens, alcohol, ketones, aldehydes, alkanes and alkynes), difference between saturated hydro carbons and unsaturated hydrocarbons. Chemical properties of carbon compounds (combustion, oxidation, addition and substitution reaction). Ethanol and Ethanoic acid (only properties and uses), soaps and detergents.

Unit II: World of Living

Life processes: ‘Living Being’. Basic concept of nutrition, respiration, transport and excretion in plants and animals.

Control and co-ordination in animals and plants: Tropic movements in plants; Introduction of plant hormones; Control and co-ordination in animals: Nervous system; Voluntary, involuntary and reflex action; Chemical co-ordination: animal hormones.

Reproduction: Reproduction in animals and plants (asexual and sexual) reproductive health – need and methods of family planning. Safe sex vs HIV/AIDS. Child bearing and women’s health.

Heredity and Evolution: Heredity; Mendel’s contribution- Laws for inheritance of traits: Sex determination: brief introduction: (topics excluded – evolution; evolution and classification and evolution should not be equated with progress).

Unit III: Natural Phenomena

Reflection of light by curved surfaces; Images formed by spherical mirrors, centre of curvature, principal axis, principal focus, focal length, mirror formula (Derivation not required),magnification.

Refraction; Laws of refraction, refractive index.

Refraction of light by spherical lens; Image formed by spherical lenses; Lens formula(Derivation not required); Magnification. Power of a lens.

Functioning of a lens in human eye, defects of vision and their corrections, applications of spherical mirrors and lenses.

Refraction of light through a prism, dispersion of light, scattering of light, applications in dailylife (excluding colour of the sun at sunrise and sunset).

Unit IV: Effects of Current

Electric current, potential difference and electric current. Ohm’s law; Resistance, Resistivity, Factors on which the resistance of a conductor depends. Series combination of resistors, parallel combination of resistors and its applications in daily life. Heating effect of electric current and its applications in daily life. Electric power, Interrelation between P, V, I and R.

Magnetic effects of current : Magnetic field, field lines, field due to a current carryingconductor, field due to current carrying coil or solenoid; Force on current carrying conductor,Fleming’s Left Hand Rule, Direct current. Alternating current: frequency of AC. Advantage of AC over DC.

Domestic electric circuits.

Unit V: Natural Resources

Our environment: Eco-system, Environmental problems, Ozone depletion, waste production and their solutions. Biodegradable and non-biodegradable substances.

Note: . The chapter Management of Natural Resources (NCERT Chapter 16) will not be assessed in the year-end examination.

CBSE NCERT Class 10 Science Syllabus 2023 2024

  • Chapter 1 Chemical Reactions and Equations
  • Chapter 2 Acids, Bases and Salts
  • Chapter 3 Metals and Non-metals
  • Chapter 4 Carbon and its Compounds
  • Chapter 5 Life Processes
  • Chapter 6 Control and Coordination
  • Chapter 7 How do Organisms Reproduce?
  • Chapter 8 Heredity
  • Chapter 9 Light – Reflection and Refraction
  • Chapter 10 The Human Eye and the Colourful World
  • Chapter 11 Electricity
  • Chapter 12 Magnetic Effects of Electric Current
  • Chapter 13 Our Environment

[Pdf] CBSE NCERT Class 10 Science Syllabus Download

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