Assam Jatiya Bidyalay Class 8 English Solution Chapter 3 Election in the Village
Here in this post we have given Assam Jatiya Bidyalay (AJB) Class 8 English Solution Chapter 3 Election in the Village. Election in the Village Chapter all Question and Answer by our English Sir. Hope this solution will help You!
Chapter 3 – Election in the Village
1.) Answer the following questions in a single sentence each. 1×10 =10
a.) Where does Deep like to spend his vacations?
Ans: Deep liked to spend his vacations in Bongaon.
b.) What is a village panchayat?
Ans: The villages, towns and districts have their own governing bodies duly electedby the people where they can easily participate. This system of self-governance in the villages is called village panchayat. It is the grass-root level of democracy in India.
c.) When was the first panchayat established in India?
Ans: The first panchayat was established in 1959, Rajasthan, India.
d.) How many members can be there in a panchayat?
Ans: Members in a panchayat could range between 5 and 31.
e.) What is a panchayat samiti?
Ans: Panchayat Samiti is known as the self-governance of the village, but at level below the panchayat raj.
f.) What is the minimum age for voting in India?
Ans: 18 years, is the minimum age for voting in India.
g.) At present how many village panchayats are there in India?
Ans: There are more than 4.5 lakh village panchayats in India.
h.) What percentage of seats are reserved for women in a panchayat?
Ans: There is 33% of seats reserved for women in a panchayat.
i.) Since when Assam has had its panchayats?
Ans: Since the late 1948, Assam had their own panchayats.
j.) What is the head of the panchayat called?
Ans: The head of the panchayat is called sarpanch.
2.) Give brief answers.
a.) What is the necessity of local self-governance in India?
Ans: In a country like India, it is very necessary for self-governance because, it is very difficult to reach out to the government for all kinds of troubles. Therefore, a self-governance system assists in participation of the whole locality. It also, helps in maintaining equality in the society also.
b.) What kind of atmosphere do Deep and Rupa experienceduring their visit to the village?
Ans: Deep and Rupa experienced a very busy atmosphere during their visit to the village. People were very serious about their work. People of the village came to meet their uncle for important meetings and stayed till late at night, as the elections for the panchayat raj was going on during that time.
c.) Explain the three levels of the panchayati raj system inIndia.
Ans: Panchayati raj isa self-governance system at three levels. The first level is panchayat in the villages, the second level is panchayat samiti in the blocksand the third level is the zila parishadin the districts. The people directly elect the members of the panchayatswhile panchayat samiti is formed by themembers elected by the panchayat.
d.) What are the functions of the panchayats?
Ans: Panchayats are responsible for many functions such agricultural production, rural industries, medical relief,women and child welfare, rural employmnent, maintenance ofvillage roads, tanks etc. All the plans undertaken by the government are implemented by the panchayats.
e.) How do panchayats help to maintain equality in the society?
Ans: Panchayats have a very important role in the Rupa the empowerment of rural women because 33% of the panchayat membership are reserved for women. Similarly backward sections of a society are also given necessary representation in panchayats. Therefore, it helps in maintaining equality in the society.
4.) Write whether the following statements are true or false. ½ x6=3
a.) Deep doesn’t like to visit the village. F
b.) India is a democratic country. T
c.) The villagers are very busy for the elections. T
d.) The citizens have no role to play in the rule of the land in India. F
e.) Panchayats always have five members. F
f.) The rural development plans are implemented throughthe panchayats. T
Grammar and usage
5.) Change the voice of the following sentences.
a.) We elected the leader.
Ans: The leader was elected by us.
b.) Different plans are implemented by the panchayats.
Ans: The panchayats implemented different plants.
c.) We sholud maintain social balance in society.
Ans: Social balance in society should be maintained by us.
d.) Women are given proper representation in society.
Ans: Panchayats give women proper representation.
e.) They speak English proprly.
Ans: English is spoken properly by them
f.) Who rules our country.
Ans: By whom our country is ruled?
g.) Everyone likes his company.
Ans: His company is liked by everyone.
h.) What is wanted by him?
Ans: What he wants?
6.) Rewrite the following sentence correcting the tense of the verbs.
a.) They lived in the village since 1995.
Ans: They have been living in the village since 1995.
b.) Raju came before the guests left.
Ans: Raju had come before the guests left.
c.) The baby sleeps now.
Ans: The baby is sleeping now.
d.) The children played after it stopped raining.
Ans: The children played after it had stopped raining.
e.) I came from school just now.
Ans: I have come from school just now.
f.) I am always going to school by bus.
Ans: I always go to school by bus.
7.) Select the correct meaning of the following words in italics fromthe alternatives given.
a.) The atmosphere in the village was unfamiliar.
i) Friendly, ii) Wonderful iii) Unknown iv) Quiet.
Ans: iii) Unknown
b.) ___ aim of making the citizens aware of their rights.
i) Correct ii) Privilege iii) Duties iv) Rituals.
Ans: ii) Privilege
c.) Panchayats are responsible for many functions.
i) Cultural programmes ii) Special activities iii) A part of a programme iv) Operation
Ans: ii) Special activities
d) Different plans are implemented through panchayats.
i) Emphasised ii) Carried out iii) Imported iv) Prepared
Ans: ii) Carried out
8.) Make sentences using the following words.
Elect (v), Election, Govern (v), Government, Represent (v), Representation.
Ans: We wanted to elect him as the president.
We have to postpone the elections.
They need to govern the city.
Our government is not up-to the mark.
We will represent our school team.
The representation of the school moto in the song is marvellous.
9.) Suppose you meet the president of a village panchayat.
Prepare an interview including questions about the name ofthe village, members in the village panchayats, various worksalready done and future plans.
Good morning sir. Its been an honour meeting you.
i.) What is your name and the name of the village?
ii.) What is your age? How many members are there in the village?
iii.) How did you become the president of village?
iv.) Are there any crime reporting in the village?
v.) How would you deal with a case of murder in the village?
vi.) What are your thoughts about women empowerment?
vii.) Do you believe in the caste system, or, are people from every caste equal to you? Why do you belief so?
viii.) What improvements have you done in the village?
ix.) What are your future plans regarding the village?
x.) Are you the ideal sarpanch of the village?
11.) Collect the names of at least six important rural developmentplans being implemented now by the government with the helpof the panchayats.
Ans: Deen Dayal Upadhyay Grameen Kaushal Yojna, Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana (PMGSY), Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA), National Rurban Mission (NRuM), The National Social Assistance Programme (NSAP), Kanaklata Mahila Sabalikaran Yojana.