Assam Jatiya Bidyalay Class 8 English Solution Chapter 11 The Spirit of Adventure
Here in this post we have given Assam Jatiya Bidyalay (AJB) Class 8 English Solution Chapter 11 The Spirit of Adventure. The Spirit of Adventure Chapter all Question and Answer by our English Sir. Hope this solution will help You!
Chapter 11 The Spirit of Adventure
1.) Answer the following questions. 1×5-5
a.) Who was Prince Henry the Navigator?
Ans: Prince Henry the Navigator was the third son of KingJohn I.
b.) Why was Vasco da Gama appointed to lead Portugese fleet?
Ans: In accordance with Prince Henry the Navigator policy, King Mannuel appointed Vasco da Gama to lead a Portugese fleet to open the sea route to India
c.) When did Da Gama leave Lisbon?
Ans: On 8 July, 1497, when Da Gama left Lisbon harbour with a fleet of four vessels.
d.) Where did Da Gama erect his first padrao?
Ans: Da Gama anchored at Mossel Bay, the extreme point of Africa towards south. He erected his first padrao there and ordered his storeship to be broken up.
e.) When did Da Gama reach Calicut?
Ans: Da Gama reached Calicut on 20 May, 1498.
2.) Give brief answers to the following questions.
a.) What did the Europeans learn in between 1420 and 1620?
Ans: Between 1420 and 1620 the Europeans learned that all seas are one. If the seamen were given adequate ships, stores, skill and courage, they could in time reach any country in the world which had an ocean coast. Their knowledge about Asia and Africa was very very little till the 15th century.
b.) How did Da Gama start his journey from Lisbon?
Ans: On 8 July, 1497, Da Gama started his journey from Lisbon harbour with a fleet of four vessels. His fleet carried padroes (stone pillars) to setup as marks of discovery and included three interpreters. Among them two spoke Arabic and one could speak several dialects.
c.) How did Da Gama find the Gujarati pilot?
Ans: Somehow his expedition reached Mombasa, a port in Kenya and then dropped his anchor in Malindi (also in Kenya) where he was welcomed by the Sultan. Da Gama found a community of Hindus living in Malindi, in Kenya. Fortunately enough he managed to hire a new pilot who was a Gujarati. The new pilot proved to be an experienced one and he guided Da Gama across the Arabian Sea.
d.) Where and when did Vasco da Gama die?
Ans: Vasco da gama died in the year 1527, in Cochin.
3.) Why do people undertake risky enterprise? What is thedifference between a timid and an adventurous person? 2+1=3
Ans: Adventure, readiness and desire makes people to undertake risky enterprise.
The difference between an adventurous person and a timid person is that the former does not allow to overpower him. So, the spirit of adventurous person in dangerous enterprises is encouraged by the conquest of self.
4.) Describe in your own words Da Gama’s journey from Lisbonto Calicut.
Ans: It was 8 July, 1497, when Da Gama left Lisbon harbour with a fleet of four vessels. His fleet carried padroes (stone pillars) to setup as marks of discovery and included three interpreters. Among them two spoke Arabic and one could speak several dialects.
After 3 months, Da Gama reached the African coast at St. Helena Bay, just north of Cape Town in modern South Africa. Da Gama took a circular path to reach the Cape of Good Hope avoiding the gulf stream. It took a week’s time. In another three days Da Gama anchored at Mossel Bay, the extreme point of Africa towards south.
Da Gama’s eastward journey started in December, 1497. This time he started to name the places and rivers. He named a coast as Natal as he reached it on the Christmas Day. The river from which he took the northern journey was given the name of the River of Good Omens. Thereafter he saw nothing but thousands of miles of open sea and savage country till he reached Mozambique. There, like the others. he was also treated as an Arabian merchant. The Sultan of Mozambique supplied him with two pilots, one of whom deserted when he discovered that the Portugese were Christians.
The next leg of Da Gama’s journey was full of adventure. His pilot was not as skilled as he might have been and he mistook an island for a main land. Somehow his expedition reached Mombasa, a port in Kenya and then dropped his anchor in Malindi (also in Kenya) where he was welcomed by the Sultan. Da Gama found aa community of Hindus living in Malindi. Fortunately enough he managed to hire a new pilot who was a Gujarati. The new pilot proved to be an experienced one and he guided Da Gama across the Arabian Sea. After twenty three days run across the Indian Ocean he anchored at Calicut, one of the foremost trading cities of the Malabar Coast in India. He erected there his last padrao on 20 May, 1498 to prove that he had reached India.
Grammar and usage
6.) Combine the following sentences into single one. by using the conjunctions given in brackets.
(a.) Sheela’s mother is a teacher. She teaches English (who)
Ans: Sheela’s mother is a teacher who teaches English.
(b.) The manis poor.He is happy. (but)
Ans: The man is poor but happy.
(c.) Dipak is brave. Heis intelligent. (not only but also) x
Ans: Dipak is not only brave but also intelligent.
(d.) She lives somewhere. Idon’t know the place.(where)
Ans: Idon’t know the place where she lives.
(e.) We have a car. It’s colour is white.(whose)
Ans: We have a car whose colour is white.
7.) Find out the simple, compound and complex sentences from the following.
(a.) The sea is as deep as the mountains are high. (compound)
(b.) The girl sitting in the corner with a book in her hand is my sister.(Complex)
(c.) You can sit wherever you like. (Complex)
(d.) You may do as you please. (simple)
(e.) Iwill do this if Iam allowed. (simple)
8.) Change dry to wet and find to lose.
Ans: Dry – Die – May – Met – Wet
Find – Shine –Wine – Line – Lone – Lose
9.) Write a paragraph on an adventure that you have undertaken.
Last week I went to visit ‘Digha.’ It’s been a week since the trip. Me and 3 of my friends planned the trip a month ago, and fortunately everything about the trip went according to the plan. It was a 3-day trip and I packed every other beach essential very carefully. We travelled via train. It was a 4 hour(s) journey from Kolkata. As soon as, we reached the Digha station, we picked up an auto rickshaw and travelled beside the beach. We chose a sea-facing hotel, to spend the 2 nights. That day itself we went into sea beach, and took a long bath dipping in the waves. Later, we had lunch at a restaurant and attended the beach party late night. Soon the next day passed by, and we reached the station to depart from Digha