Adrenal glands MCQs with Answers

Adrenal glands MCQs

Hello students, Learn the multiple choice questions (MCQ) that are given on the “Adrenal gland” topic. Each adrenal gland are located on the superior pole of each Kidney. Structurally a functionally these adrenal gland are divided into two regions, One is adrenal cortex and other is adrenal medulla. Adrenal cortex and adrenal medulla also secretes hormones.

The set of MCQ will share a brief information about adrenal glands.

MCQ.1) The …………………. That are two in numbers lie anteriorly to kidneys in the human body.

a)Salivary Glands

b) Thyroid Glands

c) Adrenal Glands

d) Pituitary Glands

MCQ.2) Which of the following parts are present in the inner and outer portion of the adrenal glands?

a) Adrenal cortex

b) Adrenal Medulla

c) Both a) and b)

d) None of them

MCQ. 3) Which is the outer most layer of the Adrenal cortex part and what it secretes?

a) Zona Glomerulosa and secretes Mineralocorticoids

b) Zona Glomerulosa and secretes Glucocorticoids

c) Zona Reticularis and secretes Mineralocorticoids

d) Zona Reticularis and secretes Mineralocorticoids

MCQ.4) In the Adrenal cortex, the middle layer-Zona fasciculate secretes a corticosteroid that is glucocorticoids which plays a role in ………………………….

a) Nucleotide Metabolism

b) Glucose Metabolism

c) Serotonin Metabolism

d) Purine Metabolism

MCQ.5) In the protein metabolism, the effect of cortisol …………………….. Protein Synthesis and ……………………. Protein catabolism which means break down to amino acids.

a) Increases Protein Synthesis and Decreases Protein catabolism

b) Increases Protein Synthesis and constant Protein catabolism

c) Decreases Protein Synthesis and constant Protein catabolism

d) Decreases Protein Synthesis and Increases Protein catabolism

MCQ.6) Which of the following hormone can regulate each of the three layers of an Adrenal cortex portion in the Adrenal glands?

a) By ACTH- Adrenocorticotropic Hormone

b) By Parathyroid Hormone

c) By Luteinizing Hormone

d) By Progesterone Hormone

MCQ.7) In the Adrenal glands,the Middle suprarenal arteries arises directly from the ………………..And travels to ……………… Glands.

a) Vein, Thyroid gland

b) Vein, Adrenal gland

c) Aorta, Adrenal gland

d) Aorta, Thyroid gland

MCQ.8) Which of the following germ layers are responsible for the structural formation of an adrenal glands

a) Mesoderm

b) Ectoderm and Mesoderm

c) Endoderm and Mesoderm

d) Endoderm

MCQ.9) The hormone which is known for ‘Flight’ and ‘Fight’ hormone is ……………………..

a) LH

b) ADH

c) Oxytocin

d) Adrenaline

MCQ.10) The inner layer in the adrenal gland is adrenal medulla which is …………………..In colour.

a) Reddish-green

b) Orange

c) Brownish-yellow

d) Reddish-brown

MCQ.11) The hormones that are secreted by the adrenal medulla part in the adrenal glands are ……………………….

a) Adrenaline and Leptin

b) Non adrenaline and Adrenaline

c) Norepinephrine and Leptin

d) Adrenaline and Prolactin

MCQ.12) If a person is suffering from the different conditions like physical stress, mental stress, injury, fall in blood sugar level and suffering with any pain then the adrenal medulla portion secretes hormones which are also known as …………………………..

a) Emergency Hormone

b) 3F Hormone

c) Fight and Flight hormone

d) All of them

Answer

1) c) Adrenal Glands

2)c) Both a) and b)

3)a) Zona Glomerulosa and secretes Mineralocorticoids

4)b) Glucose Metabolism

5)d) Decreases Protein Synthesis and Increases Protein catabolism

6)a) By ACTH- Adrenocorticotropic Hormone

7)c) Aorta, Adrenal gland

8)b) Ectoderm and Mesoderm

9)d) Adrenaline

10)d) Reddish-brown

11) b) Non adrenaline and Adrenaline

12) d) All of them


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